The main problems of consciousness
2. The Explanatory Question
3. The Functional Question
definition: the hard problem of consciousness is…
Aristotle uses the example of the end of medical art being health, that of shipbuilding a vessel, that of strategy victory, and that of economic wealth.
Michaels Meredith in this piece does not really form a theory of personal identity but brings up two analogies as too why the traditional answers to the philosophy question is unsatisfactory
Hume starts by pointing out that philosophers and people alike are intimately conscious of the idea of the ‘Self’
However, Hume lays…
Locke lays out the problem of identity by laying out when we try to identify an object we compare it in its current state (in time and space) with ‘itself’ existing at another time, and this is the idea of identity and diversity.
2. This piece is broken down into three main parts: first laying out the previous other physicalist theories, the second Smart posing the hypothesis of sensations as merely brain processes (and giving examples), and finally Smart responding to common objections against this theory.
Smart uses the example of a yellowish-orange after image (for example someone looking at the sun and back) to draw attention to a phenomenological experience that is purely subjective.
A yellowish-orange after image compared to…
PRE: Nagel begins by explaining how reductionist theories of the mind-body problem fails to explain conscious mental phenomena. …
GOAL: Descartes with his first meditation calls us to bring everything we know into doubt so…